The Making of the Archaeological Landscape of Boeotia in Early Modern Greece
In this essay I study the creation of the archaeological landscape of Boeotia in the first decades after the foundation of the modern Greek state. By the term landscape I refer not only to a real geographical space, but also to a problematized ideological field, which scholars, following the paradigm of Michel Foucault, have increasingly been calling heterotopia. Making use of the tripartite scheme put forward by Yannis Hamilakis, I investigate the degree of purification of the Boeotian landscape, the demarcation of archaeological sites and foundation of archaeological collections, and early, largely abortive, attempts at restoring ancient monuments. My study shows that Boeotia did not escape the attention of early scholars and the Greek state, even though its systematic investigation did not start before ca. 1870. Ultimately, I try to show how the Boeotian archaeological landscape was incorporated in the official national discourse of the new Greek kingdom.