My research has two principle aims: to obtain a better understanding of the role of commanders in army management and to underline the differences and similarities between ancient and modern leadership. Integrating the often scarce picture offered by ancient historians with a wider range of sources (e.g. military tracts, public orations, tragedies), I am looking for a clarification of the potential of the commander both in and outside of the battlefield, in tactics, logistics, and, especially, in morale management.
Having attained a more precise idea of ancient leadership, as presented in primary sources, I will follow with a comparison of selected case studies, to understand how much the different context modified the ideals, values, and psychological function concerning the figure of the commander. In case of a positive validation, it would, then, be possible to have a deeper understanding of ancient leadership, especially regarding its emotional and psychological impact.